Active learning is a process whereby students engage in activities, such as reading, writing, discussion, or problem solving that promote analysis, synthesis, and evaluation of class content (Harvey & Kotting 2011). Cooperative learning, problem-based learning, and the use of case methods and simulations are some approaches that promote active learning. Active learning is, in short, anything that students do in a classroom other than merely passively listening to an instructor’s lecture. It includes everything from open discussions , to short writing exercises in which students reflect on lecture material, to complex group exercises in which student apply course material to “real life” situations and/or to new problems.
This self paced tutorial on active learning presented by the University of Minnesota, Center for Teaching and Learning defines the basic elements of active learning, provides concrete examples of active learning strategies, and dispels some common misconceptions about adopting active learning strategies.Active Learning for the College Classroom (Paulson and Faust, California State University, Los Angeles, 1998)
This article presents active learning techniques that can increase student learning in a lecture course. Activities include listening, group, and writing exercises that foster student engagement.
Actively engaging students motivates deeper thinking about course content, brings additional energy to a classroom, and helps an instructor pin point problem areas. This article provides summaries of current practices and gives practical suggestions for implementing active learning in a variety of disciplines. Topics covered include: Questioning techniques, small groups, whole class involvement, and reading & writing exercises.
This study examines the evidence for the effectiveness of active learning. It provides a definition of active learning and explores the different types of active learning most frequently discussed in engineering education literature. Those outside of engineering will likewise find this source helpful in providing concise definitions, literature review, and valuable questions that will promote instructor’s understanding of active learning.
Harvey, F., & Kotting, J.
2011 Teaching mapping for digital natives;. New Pedagogical Ideas For Undergraduate Cartography Education, 38(3), 269-277.