Biology

Course Descriptions

The Biology Department offers a wide selection of lower and upper division courses to support Biology Degree Programs as well as numerous other programs within the College of Arts & Sciences, the School of Applied Studies and the School of Nursing.


BIOLOGY COURSE OFFERINGS
(Courses marked with </ are part of the University’s General Education program.)  All course descriptions listed below assume either a 16-week fall or spring semester. Courses that are offered in the summer and/or online will be held at different times than what is listed below.  Credit hours for each course are listed in the parentheses.

</BI 100 Introduction to Biology (3)
An introduction to the major principles and theories of Biology: genes, evolution, cell biology, and the structure and function of the major kingdoms of life. Two sections of special academic interest include Health Emphasis and General Education Emphasis both of which qualify as General Education Courses. Not applicable toward credit for biology major requirements. Two or three lectures a week. Prerequisite: None.

</BI 101 Introductory Biology Laboratory (2)
Introductory laboratory with activities that examine the structure and function of organisms. Supplementary to BI 100. Not applicable toward credit for biology major requirements. One three-hour laboratory period per week. Prerequisite: BI 100 or concurrent enrollment. Concurrently enrolled students may not drop BI 100 and remain enrolled in BI 101.

</BI 102 General Cellular Biology (5)
The organization and activities of organisms at the cellular level. Analysis of the chemical, genetic, and microscopic properties shared by all cells. This is the beginning biology course for the student who wishes to major in biology. Four lectures and one three-hour laboratory period a week. Prerequisite: None.

BI 103 General Organismal Biology (5)
An introduction to the basic principles of organismal biology with an emphasis on plants and animals. Topics covered will include general ecology and evolution, anatomy and physiology, and organismal diversity. Four lectures and one three-hour laboratory period a week. Prerequisite: BI 102 with a grade of C or better.

BI 105 General Botany (4)
An introduction to plants that examines their evolution, anatomy, and physiology.  Biological principles as found in the plant kingdom. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory period a week. Prerequisite: BI 102.

BI 110 General Zoology (4)
The organ systems, taxonomy, and evolution of animals. Biological principles as found in the animal kingdom. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory period a week. Prerequisite: BI 102.

</BI 150 Evolution (3)
Designed for non-science majors who want a basic explanation of evolution, how it works and its impact on scientific thinking and society. The course will include discussion of simple genetics, origins of life, geologic eras and scientific creationism. Prerequisite: None.

BI 155 Sexually Transmitted Disease (1)
An overview of diseases, which rely on sexual interactions for transmission, e.g., AIDS, syphilis, herpes, and others. The history, epidemiology, clinical nature, treatment and prevention of these diseases are discussed. Prerequisite: none.

BI 180 Special Topics (1-3)
Selected topics of general interest. Not applicable toward credit for biology major requirements. Prerequisite: none.

</BI 202 Biology of Behavior (3)
Biological aspects of human and animal behavior, including sociobiology, ethnology, behavioral genetics and evolution, heredity vs. environment, male-female differences, and the neurological and hormonal basis of behavior. Prerequisite: None.

</BI 203 Human Impact on the Environment (3)
The structure and function of a natural environment and the impact of humans on that environment. Topics include population and food, various pollution problems, energy problems, and possible solutions. Not applicable toward credit for biology major requirements. Prerequisite: None.

BI 206 Introductory Microbiology (4)
The basic characteristics of microbes and an analysis of their effects on humans. Emphasis on human medical microbiology. Basic microbiological techniques, with an emphasis on those used in medicine. Developed primarily for students majoring in nursing. Not applicable toward credit for biology major requirements. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BI 100 (Health Emphasis preferred) and BI 101 or BI 102.

BI 230 Introduction to Human Physiology (3)
This human physiology course is designed for those needing a basic background in physiology principles without the additional functional knowledge that is obtained in the laboratory setting. The emphasis of this course will include learning basic relationships and necessary language to be able to understand the terminology that may be used in fields that are in the periphery of physiology. Prerequisite: BI 100 (Health Emphasis preferred).

BI 250 Introduction to Human Anatomy (3)
The structure of the human body, with emphasis on skeletal and muscular systems. Three lectures a week. Prerequisite: BI 100 or 102.

BI 255 Human Physiology (4)
The basic functions of human organ systems. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory period a week. Prerequisites: BI 100 (Health Emphasis preferred) and 101 or BI 102.

BI 260 The Biology of Aging (3)
Mechanisms of aging processes with special reference to human gerontology. Unfavorable progressive changes in molecules, cells, systems, and organisms will be examined. Three lectures a week. Prerequisite: none.

BI 275 Human Anatomy (4)
Designed primarily for students majoring in biology, nursing or physical therapy. Lectures survey the organ systems with emphasis on skeletal, muscular, nervous, circulatory and reproductive systems. Laboratory exercises include both animal and human cadaver dissection. Two lectures and two two-hour laboratory periods per week. Prerequisite: BI 100 (Health Emphasis preferred) and 101 or BI 102. NOTE: Pregnant women should consult with physician and instructor prior to enrollment due to specimen preservatives used in this course.

BI 280 Special Topics (1-3)
Selected topics of general interest. Prerequisite: One or more general biology course(s).

BI 300 Field Biology (3)
Identification and study of plants and animals in the field, including their ecology. Prerequisite: One college course in biology or equivalent.

BI 301 General Microbiology (4)
Characteristics of microorganisms with major emphasis on bacteria and viruses. Principle roles of microorganisms in our environment. Laboratory introduces basic techniques used in microbiological studies. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory period a week. Prerequisite: BI 102 and CH 151.

BI 302 Entomology (4)
Designed to cover the general aspects of the anatomy, physiology, taxonomy, and behavior of insects. Field trips will be an integral part of this course. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory period a week. Prerequisite: BI 110.

BI 303 Invertebrate Zoology (4)
The invertebrate groups with emphasis on basic zoological principles. Field trips are an integral part of this course. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory period a week. Prerequisite: BI 110.

BI 305 Parasitology (4)
Protozoan, helminth, and arthropod parasites of humans. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory period a week. Prerequisite: BI 110.

BI 310 Ecology (4)
Examines the interactions between organisms, their environment, and their evolution; major topics include global ecology, physical ecology, community ecology, species interactions, and biodiversity. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory period a week. Prerequisites: BI 105 and BI 110.

BI 315 Vertebrate Zoology (4)
A taxonomic approach to the study of vertebrate animals. Phylogeny, ecology and behavior will be discussed, as will general structure and function relating to phylogeny. The laboratory will include several field trips. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory period a week. Prerequisite: BI 110.

BI 324 Systematic Botany (3)
Exploration of the flowering plants of Kansas and their habitats. Major principles of systematics are covered. Two three-hour class periods per week, and nearly all periods are devoted to field trips to local areas of interest. Prerequisite: BI 105.

BI 325 Microbiology of Human Diseases (5)
Basic principles involved in pathogenesis of human disease, host resistance, and epidemiology. Characteristics and laboratory diagnosis of major bacterial pathogens. Three lectures and two two-hour laboratory periods a week. Prerequisite: BI 301.

BI 328 Plant Anatomy and Physiology (3)
Examines the anatomy and physiology of the stems, roots, leaves and reproductive organs of plants, from the molecular to the organismal levels. Prerequisite: BI 105.

BI 330 Animal Physiology (4)
A comparative study of the basic physiological processes occurring throughout the animal kingdom. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory period a week. Prerequisite: BI 110 and CH 152.

BI 333 General Genetics (4)
A course designed to cover basic genetic principles, including Mendelian Genetics, cytogenetics, population genetics and an introduction to molecular genetics. Laboratory experiments will be used to illustrate the genetic principles covered in lecture. Three lectures and one three-hour laboratory period per week. Prerequisite: BI 102 and CH 151.

BI 340 Evolutionary Biology (3)
The basic ideas of evolutionary biology will include classical Darwinian evolution, and modern analyses of evolutionary theory. Specific topics covered are natural selection, sources of variation, origin of life, paleobiology, speciation, sociobiology and human evolution. Course will also include the historical development of evolutionary ideas as well as a discussion of the impact of evolution on societal issues. Three lectures a week. Prerequisite: BI 105 or 110, or consent of instructor.

BI 343 Human Genetics (2)
Mechanisms of human inheritance in individuals, families, and populations. Subjects include prenatal diagnosis and counseling, cancer genetics and societal issues raised by gene technology. Survey of genetic and cytogenetic disorders. Two lectures a week. Prerequisite: BI 333.

BI 353 Molecular Genetics (3)
The molecular basis of genetic systems including chromosomal and extrachromosomal elements. Topics include manipulation of DNA, molecular techniques, cloning, methods for the study of gene expression, mutability of DNA, plasmid systems, prokaryotic and eukaryotic genomes, and practical aspects of biotechnology. Three lectures a week. Prerequisite: BI 301 or BI 333.

BI 354 Molecular Biology Laboratory (3)
A laboratory course designed to introduce the student to modern molecular biology techniques, including recombinant DNA technology (gene cloning), DNA sequence analysis, PCR, Southern hybridization, bioinformatics, and more. This course is designed to mimic a real world research experience. Two periods totaling 5 hours per week to include one hour for lecture/ discussion. Prerequisite: BI 301 or BI 333 or BI 353 or consent of instructor.

BI 355 Developmental Biology (5)
Topics in modern developmental biology will be covered in lecture and through readings so as to gain a working knowledge of the analyses of developmental processes such as fertilization, embryonic cleavage, cell determination and cell differentiation in selected species. Emphasis will be on experiments that reveal how these processes are controlled at the molecular and cellular levels. Three lectures and two two-hour laboratory periods a week Prerequisite: BI 110.

BI 357 Histology (4)
Fundamental tissues and microscopic examination of vertebrate organs. Two lectures and two two-hour laboratory periods a week. Prerequisite: BI 110.

BI 360 Human Cadaver Dissection (3)
This course is intended to give students who aspire to go to medical school, dental school or post graduate human anatomy programs a chance to gain experience dissecting and learning human cadaveric anatomy. This is a five-week summer course that covers the dissection of the entire human cadaver. Focus of dissection is primarily on muscle and joint anatomy, but includes thoracic and abdominopelvic organs along with vascular dissection and identification. Student evaluation is based on participation and dissection skills. Prerequisite: BI 110 or 275 and instructor consent.

BI 362 Immunology (3)
Molecular and cell biology of specific and nonspecific immune responses in mammals, with special emphasis on human immune systems. Reviews experimental support for current immunological theories. Roles of immunology in human health and disease. Three lectures a week. Prerequisite: BI 301 and (BI 333 or BI 353 or CH 350).

BI 363 Immunology Laboratory (2)
A laboratory course designed to introduce students to current clinical and research procedures in immunology. Includes techniques utilized in biological and biochemical research as well as medical applications. Prerequisite: BI 362 or concurrent enrollment.

BI 370 Virology (3)
The structure and properties of animal viruses. Molecular aspects of virus replication and the role of viruses in disease states. Three lectures a week. Prerequisite: BI 102 and 301.

BI 380 Special Topics in Biology (1-3)
A consideration of various emerging or advanced specialty areas in biology, offered according to student and staff availability. Prerequisite: BI 102 and consent of instructor (Additional prerequisites might be needed depending upon particular topic).

BI 389 Biology Literature Review (2)
Students will learn to critically read and analyze primary biology literature in at least four of the five core biology disciplines: cell biology, botany, zoology, microbiology and genetics. It is designed for students who have not yet taken Biology Seminar (BI 390). Students will orally present the data from these papers to the class and complete a series of worksheets on the content of the literature. Students will also learn the basics of a thorough, scientific literature search online and the mechanics of writing a scientific abstract. Two lectures per week. Prerequisite: BI 102 and one other biology core course, plus consent of instructor.

BI 390 Biology Seminar (1)
Organization and oral presentations of the results of current research in the biological sciences. Utilization of recent journal literature, abstracting techniques, and oral communication of scientific data will be emphasized. One semester is required of all majors. Up to three credit hours may be applied toward meeting departmental or university graduation requirements. Prerequisite: 15 hours of BI and Jr. standing.

BI 395 Research in Biology (1-3)
This course is the capstone course in the Biology degree, and open only to declared majors at Washburn University. Independent, undergraduate research on some special problem in biology, the field to be chosen by the student in conference with the instructor. Open only to students, from any discipline, with at least fifteen hours of credit derived from core majors’ courses in Biology. At least one semester is required of every Biology major. A maximum of six credit hours of research may be taken by any student, and no more than 3 credits in one semester. Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor